types of three phase induction motor pdf

2. There are mainly two types of induction motor on the basis of power supply, Single Phase Induction Motor and Three Phase Induction Motor. One single-phase wattmeter plus miscellaneous apparatus as needed . Starting of 3-Phase Induction Motors The induction motor is fundamentally a transformer in which the stator is the primary and the rotor is short-circuited secondary. What is Squirrel Cage Induction Motor. Suspension Rod Suspension Rod . There are two types of induction motor rotors: Squirrel-cage rotor or simply cage rotor. Induction motors are most commonly run on single-phase or three-phase power, but two-phase motors exist; in theory, induction motors can have any number of phases. Three-Phase Induction Motor: These motors are self-starting and use no capacitor, start winding, centrifugal switch or other starting device. A three-phase induction motor is a type of machine which mostly used in industries. Answer 1. Single phase induction motors are used in a wide range of applications where only single phase supply is available. Single-Phase Induction Motor – Construction, Operation & Types of 1-Phase Induction Motors. Therefore, 3-phase induction motors employ a starting method not to provide a starting torque at the rotor, but because of the following reasons; 1) Reduce heavy starting currents and prevent motor from overheating. The input power of the induction motor drive is given by the formula shown below. For this motors, we require three phase power supply, whereas thus three phase Power must be supplied in a sequence. 1 phase AC supply is required for single phase induction motor whereas 3 phase AC supply is needed for three phase induction motor. Initial Data . A 3-phase, Y connected, 460 volt (line to line), 25 horsepower, 60 Hz, 8 pole induction motor has the following constants, in ohms per phase referred to the stator: R1 = 0.342 X1 = 0.561 Z1 = 0.342 + j0.561 R2 = 0.164 X2 = 0.265 This type of motor has a major use in the different industrial applications due to numerous benefits such as higher efficiency, reliable cost, minimum maintenance and self-starting feature. Types of single phase induction motors. Industrial Fan & Blower Conveyor VF-S15 VF-AS3 Mixer Slicer 3. Types of three phase induction motor rotor. Prof. AJAY B. BALAR Darshan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Rajkot (Gujarat) 2. Flexible 5 ratings correspondence 220/380/415V-50Hz,220/440V-60Hz is standard. Record all nameplate information for the induction motor. Construction of Three Phase Induction Motor. The single-phase induction motor is started by using some methods. The principle of rotating type phase sequence indicator is like that phase motor. Many single-phase motors having two windings can be viewed as two-phase motors, since a capacitor is used to generate a second power phase 90° from the single-phase supply and feeds it to the second motor winding. With the invention of adjustable speed drives and several other types of motor starters, three-phase motors have become favorable drives for variable speed applications.As these motors are important in load driving, it is also important to ensure their safety & protection against starting inrush currents, overloads, single phasing, overheating, and other faulty conditions. Figure 1 Three Phase Induction Motor with all their Essential Parts. The two types of three-phase induction motors are- squirrel cage and slip ring motors. A 3 phase squirrel cage induction motor is a type of three phase induction motor which functions based on the principle of electromagnetism.It is called a ‘squirrel cage’ motor because the rotor inside of it – known as a ‘squirrel cage rotor’ – looks like a squirrel cage. Where φ s is the phase angle between stator phase voltage and the stator phase current I s. For motoring operation, the phase angle is always less than the 90º. How many types of Induction Motor ? Three-Phase Induction Machines V. Three-Phase Induction Motors VI. THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS ... Operation test should be performed once every three months. Supplied from a three-phase AC line, induction motors are simple, robust, and inexpensive. Induction Generators VII. Phase wound or wound rotors. Induction motors, especially those of the squirrel-cage type, are the most common sources of mechanical power in industry. AC Motors. f = Pns/2. There are 2 foremost kinds of three-phase induction motor first one is squirrel cage and the other is wound rotor motor. Various applications Toshiba motor is used for various applications. The braking of an induction motor is explained below in details. Mechanical methods are not very practical methods that is why the motor is started temporarily by converting it into a two-phase motor. One dynamometer with torque controller . Based on the rotor construction, 3 phase induction motor can be of two types: Squirrel Cage and Wound Rotor or Slip Rig Induction Motor. An induction motor can further be of two types: Single Phase Induction Motor and Three Phase Induction Motor.This classification of induction motor is based on the type of power supply required for its operation. 17. 1. Hello friends, I hope all of you are doing great. Since the rotor impedance is low, the rotor current is excessively large. The single-phase motors are more preferred over a three-phase induction motor for domestic, commercial applications. Three-phase AC induction motors are widely used in industrial and commercial applications. AC motors are used worldwide in many applications to transform electrical energy into mechanical energy.There are many types of AC motors, but this course focuses on three-phase AC induction motors, the most common type of motor used in industrial applications. Based on type of phase supply Three phase induction motor (self starting in nature) Single phase induction motor (not self starting) Other Squirrel-cage induction motor Slip ring induction motor. Like any electric motor, a 3-phase induction motor has a stator and a rotor.The stator carries a 3-phase winding (called stator winding) while the rotor carries a short-circuited winding (called rotor winding).. Only the stator winding is fed from the 3-phase supply. Three phase induction motors are further divided into two types; Squirrel Cage Induction Motor and Wound Rotor Induction Motor based on the construction of rotor. THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR AND PERFORMANCE TARGETS The basic considerations for an induction motor design includes magnetic loading, the peak of fundamental component of radial flux density in the air-gap of the motor, core length, air-gap length, number of poles, number of stator and rotor slots, stator tooth width and slot depth, thermal resistance at each part of … Induction … Frame size 180M and above, 380/660V-50Hz is standard. Let us discuss various types of single phase […] The vertical mounting type motors should be transported in the vertical position. 2) Provide overload and no-voltage protection. For this example, refer to the motor equivalent circuit and calculations described above. Three-phase AC induction motors have various uses in commercial and industrial applications. This chapter gives a general characterization of induction motors and their use in AC drive systems. Three-Phase Induction Motor: Being self-starting, the three-phase induction motors use no start winding, centrifugal switch, capacitor, or other starting device. These are of two types, squirrel cage and slip ring motors. The video highlights details regarding the Construction of Three Phase Induction Motor. It works on the principle of Induction Motor. REFERENCES 1. Regenerative Braking. Consider the working of a motor for a better understanding of these indicators. Although single phase induction motor is more simple in construction and is cheaper than a 3-phase induction motor of the same frame size, it is less efficient and it operates at lower power factor. THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR 1. (e) Storage maintenance is to be documented for warranty data. 18. Single-phase induction motors are classified according to the auxiliary means used to start the motor. Three Phase Induction motor Faults and their Causes. Three Phase Induction Motor The induction motor that runs on a three phase AC supply is known as a three-phase induction motor. Synchronous Motors IV. What is the relationship between the supply frequency number of poles and sycnchronous speed? Squirrel cage rotor: Squirrel cage motor works on the principle of Electromagnetism. 1.5 WORKING OF SINGLE-PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR: A single phase induction motor is inherently not self-staring can be shown easily. Outlines: Introduction Types of Electrical Machines Types of 3-Ph induction motor Basic Principle Working Principle Compnents of induction motor Application Comparision between 1 … Methods of Starting Three Phase Induction Motors As we know, once a supply is connected to a three phase induction motor a rotating magnetic field will be set up in the stator, this will link and cut the rotor bars which in turn will induce rotor currents and create a rotor field which will interact with the stator field and produce rotation. Of There are many methods in use to start 3-phase induction motors. First of all, I am going to discuss about the construction of 3 Phase Induction Motor and then I will throw some light on its working. One 208 Volt, 0.75 HP, 3-phase induction motor . Explanation: Slip, s, is defined as the difference between synchronous speed and operating speed, at the same frequency, expressed in rpm, or in percentage or ratio of synchronous speed. Synchronous Generators III. In today’s tutorial, we are gonna have a look at Introduction to Three Phase Induction Motor. Three-phase motor. Three-Phase Induction Motor Revised: April 11, 2013 1 of 10 EXPERIMENT Induction motor Three-Phase Induction Motors 208V LL OBJECTIVE This experiment demonstrates the performance of squirrel-cage induction motors and the method for deriving electrical equivalent circuits from test data. 7 2F1 2F2 W TR L 3. These are manufactured in fractional kilowatt range to meet the requirements of various applications such as ceiling fans, food mixers, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, portable drills, hair driers, etc. Rotor of three phase induction motor consists of a cylindrical laminated core with parallel slots that can carry conductors. Less than 1% . At starting, the voltage induced in the induction motor rotor is maximum (Q s = 1). Because form utility, only single-phase supply is available. 3 ph induction motor ppt 1. I Introduction to AC Machine II. s = n s – n r /n s where n s = synchronous speed n r = running speed; The torque developed by an induction motor is proportional to the slip. Generally, two types of induction motors are used in our industry such as wound rotor and squirrel cage rotor, but their faults are almost same. 2. The motors that use this type of rotor are known as Slip-ring rotors. One Phase Sequence Indicator . 19. Self-Starting and use no capacitor, start winding, centrifugal switch or starting! Look at Introduction to three phase induction motor is inherently not self-staring be. Whereas 3 phase AC supply is available of Engineering & Technology, Rajkot ( )... Is low, the voltage induced in the vertical position cage motor works on the basis power... Of single-phase induction motor: a single phase induction motor drive is by..., centrifugal switch or other starting device tutorial, we require three phase induction motor: these motors more. 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